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Life in Bible Times



Jewish Worship


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An Eastern rabbi blowing a shofar at the end of the Day of Atonement ceremonies. The shofar is made from a ram`s horn, in remembrance of the ram sacrificed by Abraham as a substitute for Isaac.

Atonement

An Eastern rabbi blowing a shofar at the end of the Day of Atonement ceremonies. The shofar is made from a ram`s horn, in remembrance of the ram sacrificed by Abraham as a substitute for Isaac..

Ethrog - a citrus fruit, waved by people on the feast of Tabernacles.

Ethrog

Ethrog - a citrus fruit, waved by people on the feast of Tabernacles..

Arabs in Palestine are seen here washing before prayer. The ritual washing of hands was part of the Levitical purification for priests. An early photograph.

Handwashing

Arabs in Palestine are seen here washing before prayer. The ritual washing of hands was part of the Levitical purification for priests. An early photograph..

The Samaritans with their Torah.

Law

The Samaritans with their Torah..

Samaritan High Priest reading from the Law

Law

Samaritan High Priest reading from the Law.

Carrying the Law, the picture in the Johannesburg Gallery by the English painter Sir William Rothenstein, illustrates the scroll inscribed with the Pentateuch, being brought from the `ark`, or receptacle in which it is kept.

Law

Carrying the Law, the picture in the Johannesburg Gallery by the English painter Sir William Rothenstein, illustrates the scroll inscribed with the Pentateuch, being brought from the `ark`, or receptacle in which it is kept.. It is brought to the reading desk in the synagogue. The scroll is wrapped in a `mantle of the Law.`

A `scroll of the Law`. Written on parchment and fastened at either end to rollers. This Jew is dressed for prayer and wears on his forehead a phylactery, or small leather box in which texts are enclosed.

Law

A `scroll of the Law`. Written on parchment and fastened at either end to rollers. This Jew is dressed for prayer and wears on his forehead a phylactery, or small leather box in which texts are enclosed.. They remind the wearer to fulfil the law with head as well as heart. An early photograph.

Members of a Samaritan family in Palestine are gathered for their Passover feast round the dish of lamb seasoned with bitter herbs. An early photograph.

Passover

Members of a Samaritan family in Palestine are gathered for their Passover feast round the dish of lamb seasoned with bitter herbs. An early photograph..

The Passover ritual of dipping a bunch of hyssop in the blood of the sacrifice and sprinkling it over the entrance to the tent or dwelling place. An early photograph.

Passover

The Passover ritual of dipping a bunch of hyssop in the blood of the sacrifice and sprinkling it over the entrance to the tent or dwelling place. An early photograph..

Bokhara Jews in Jerusalem gather to share the Passover Feast. The unleavened bread is handed round and in the middle we see the wine and the `bitter herbs`. An early photograph.

Passover

Bokhara Jews in Jerusalem gather to share the Passover Feast. The unleavened bread is handed round and in the middle we see the wine and the `bitter herbs`. An early photograph..

Mount Gerizim is still claimed by the Samaritans to be the place where Israel should worship God. Members recognize only the Pentateuch among the Books of the Bible.

Gerizim

Mount Gerizim is still claimed by the Samaritans to be the place where Israel should worship God. Members recognize only the Pentateuch among the Books of the Bible.. Every year when they encamp on the Mount for the celebration of the Passover they carry their sacred Scroll of the Law in a solemn procession to the Holy Rock on the summit. The worshippers are clothed for the occasion in festal robes of white linen. In John iv,20 the Woman of Samaria said `Our fathers worshipped in this mountain.` An early photograph.

Samaritans assemble before the rock, on the summit of Mount Gerizim, which marks the traditional site of the Holy of Holies of the Samaritan temple destroyed about 120 B.C. An early photograph.

Gerizim

Samaritans assemble before the rock, on the summit of Mount Gerizim, which marks the traditional site of the Holy of Holies of the Samaritan temple destroyed about 120 B.C. An early photograph..

Outside Herod`s Gate, the entry into the north-eastern and mainly Moslem quarter of Old Jerusalem is the Sheep Market. The Sheep Gate, mentioned in Nehemiah is located north of the Temple Area.

Sheep Gate

Outside Herod`s Gate, the entry into the north-eastern and mainly Moslem quarter of Old Jerusalem is the Sheep Market. The Sheep Gate, mentioned in Nehemiah is located north of the Temple Area.. Great numbers of sheep required for sacrifices were herded here. An early photograph.

Chair of teacher of the Law, from a synagogue at Chorazin.

Teacher

Chair of teacher of the Law, from a synagogue at Chorazin..

In Nablus, or Shechem, is the only synagogue of the Samaritans, descendants of the remnant of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. An early photograph.

Samaritans

In Nablus, or Shechem, is the only synagogue of the Samaritans, descendants of the remnant of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. An early photograph..

A reconstruction of Capernaum`s ancient synagogue. A view of the interior which measured 26 1/2 by 20 yards. The colonnaded court was on the east side.

Synagogue

A reconstruction of Capernaum`s ancient synagogue. A view of the interior which measured 26 1/2 by 20 yards. The colonnaded court was on the east side..

A reconstruction of Capernaum`s ancient synagogue. The sculptured splendour of the imported white limestone must have made the edifice particularly impressive in a region of black basalt.

Synagogue

A reconstruction of Capernaum`s ancient synagogue. The sculptured splendour of the imported white limestone must have made the edifice particularly impressive in a region of black basalt..

Sardis - Synagogue

Synagogue

Sardis - Synagogue.

A Yemenite Jew of Jerusalem, draped in the `talith` (the customary prayer-shawl), announces the approach of the Sabbath on Friday by blowing a very long and curved ram`s-horn called a shophar. An early photograph.

Talith

A Yemenite Jew of Jerusalem, draped in the `talith` (the customary prayer-shawl), announces the approach of the Sabbath on Friday by blowing a very long and curved ram`s-horn called a shophar. An early photograph..
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Here we see the Wailing Place by the Western Wall where prayers are offered up fervently throughout the Day of Atonement. An early photograph.

Wailing Place

Here we see the Wailing Place by the Western Wall where prayers are offered up fervently throughout the Day of Atonement. An early photograph..

Phylacteries or Tephillim, worn by strict Jews when they pray. They are small boxes containing verses from Deuteronomy 6, which are tied to the forehead and the hands.

Phylacteries

Phylacteries or Tephillim, worn by strict Jews when they pray. They are small boxes containing verses from Deuteronomy 6, which are tied to the forehead and the hands..

A traditionally dressed Jew preaching in a Synagogue

Synagogue

A traditionally dressed Jew preaching in a Synagogue.

A traditional rabbi reading a Torah scroll

Rabbi

A traditional rabbi reading a Torah scroll.

Fringes or tassels on garments - cf Lk.8.44, Num.15.37-40, Deut.22.12

Fringes

Fringes or tassels on garments - cf Lk.8.44, Num.15.37-40, Deut.22.12.

Lulab (made of palm branches or willows) & Citron, waved at feast of Tabernacles - Lev.23.40

Lulab

Lulab (made of palm branches or willows) & Citron, waved at feast of Tabernacles - Lev.23.40.

Woman offering turtle doves - cf Lk.2.24

Offering

Woman offering turtle doves - cf Lk.2.24.

Phylacteries or Tefillin

Phylacteries

Phylacteries or Tefillin.

Phylacteries or Tephillim for the head and arm - Mt.23.5

Phylacteries

Phylacteries or Tephillim for the head and arm - Mt.23.5.

Phylacteries or Tefillim

Phylacteries

Phylacteries or Tefillim.

Scroll, Pentateuch

Scroll

Scroll, Pentateuch.

Scroll, Pentateuch

Scroll

Scroll, Pentateuch.

Synagogue at Jerusalem

Synagogue

Synagogue at Jerusalem.